The Inter-Agency Coordination Group against Trafficking in Persons
What is ICAT?
The Inter-Agency Coordination Group against Trafficking in Persons (ICAT) is a policy forum mandated by the UN General Assembly to improve coordination among UN agencies and other relevant international organizations to facilitate an holistic and comprehensive approach to preventing and combating trafficking in persons including protection and support for victims of trafficking.
ICAT objectives are:
- To provide a platform for exchange of information, experiences and good practices on anti-trafficking activities of the partner agencies to share with Governments, international and regional organizations, NGOs and other relevant bodies.
- To encourage, support and review the activities of the UN and other international organizations with the aim of ensuring a full and comprehensive implementation of all international instruments and standards of relevance for the prevention and combating of trafficking in persons and protection of and support for victims of trafficking.
- To work towards a comprehensive, coordinated and holistic approach to human trafficking which is gender and age-sensitive and grounded in human rights based-approach
- To draw on the comparative advantage of the respective agencies, promote effective and efficient use of existing resources, using, to the extent possible, mechanisms already in place at the regional and national level.
History of ICAT
Responding to Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) Resolution 2006/27 requesting intergovernmental agencies to further cooperate in order to strengthen technical assistance provided to countries in the area of human trafficking, in September 2006, the Government of Japan hosted a coordination meeting of international organizations working to counter trafficking in persons.
The participating organizations (ILO, IOM, UNICEF, UNIFEM, UNDAW, UNHCR and UNODC) decided to continue the effort initiated, and proposed the creation of a coordination group.
ICAT was formally established in 2007, pursuant to the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 61/180. The Resolution 61/180 requested the Secretary-General to improve upon the fledging inter-agency coordination group on trafficking in persons in order to enhance cooperation and coordination to facilitate a holistic and comprehensive approach by all the international community to the problem of trafficking in persons and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime was assigned a coordinating role within ICAT. The Resolution 61/180 thus endorsed the creation of ICAT and fixed its name as the Inter-Agency Coordination Group on Trafficking in Persons.
In July 2010, the United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons (General Assembly Resolution 64/293, urged all responsible UN entities to coordinate their efforts to fight trafficking in persons effectively and to protect the human rights of its victims, including via ICAT. Further, the Plan of Action called for strengthening and supporting ICAT to improve coordination and cooperation amongst relevant UN bodies, including UN human rights treaty bodies and mechanisms, and international
ICAT is comprised of 16 member agencies. The ICAT Working Group is composed of 6 agencies.
UNODC acts as the Secretariat of ICAT. The ICAT Chair rotates amongst members.
ICAT working group
International Labour Organization (ILO) - Chair 2013
2013 International Labour Organization (ILO)
2012 United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
2011 Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
2007-2010 United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)