Evaluating impact of anti-human trafficking interventions in Nigeria
Evaluation is an essential part of all anti-trafficking interventions, which allows actors to learn from past interventions and improve future ones. In Nigeria, UNODC, IOM and the Girls' Power Initiative (GPI) are currently implementing an EC funded awareness raising project targeting students and educators. Supported by UN.GIFT, the project is accompanied by landmark evaluation activities.
The awareness raising project aims at educating school children aged 13 to 18 in Benin City about human trafficking. The children participate in three full day interactive workshops over a period of one year. Each of the workshops contains a number of activities such as drama performances, guest speeches, video screenings and discussion sessions.
"The challenge for prevention programmes related to human trafficking is that the ultimate outcome of reducing the number of people who are trafficked, is impossible to measure directly for any one intervention - it is impossible to prove an unknown! Hence, there was a need to develop a proxy measure to identify beneficiaries who potentially could be at risk of human trafficking," said Daniel Lindgren of Rapid Asia.
In response to this, Rapid Asia, an independent monitoring and evaluation firm based in Thailand, developed the evaluation framework called 'KAP Score'. The 'KAP Score' is an indicator in which knowledge, attitudinal and behavioral measures have been incorporated to form a weighted, one-number indicator. This framework helps to make an initial assessment against which program impact can be evaluated and monitored over time.
In order to measure the impact of the awareness raising activities in Nigeria, Rapid Asia worked with professor Kokunre Eghafona of the University of Benin and her students to adapt the evaluation to the Nigerian context. The researchers interviewed over 150 students before and after each one-day workshop in order to monitor any possible changes in knowledge, attitude and behavior after each intervention.
So far the evaluation of the programme in Benin has captured some interesting facts about the target group. After the final one-day workshop to be held in Benin in the coming months, the final evaluation report will be available on the UN.GIFT.HUB. One preliminary finding of the evaluation is that those who have been exposed to the awareness raising activities are now less likely to become victims of trafficking.
The awareness raising project carried out in Benin, Nigeria, is part of a larger initiative to enhance multi-stakeholder cooperation in the fight against human trafficking. The project, made possible with funding from the EU and the governments of Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Nigeria, Switzerland and UK.