Conventions and Protocols

The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols (PDF; 399 KB)

With its entry into force in 2003, the international community took a major step forward in the fight against translational organized crime. States that have ratified the Convention pledge to create domestic criminal offences linked to organized crime; to adopt frameworks for extradition, mutual legal assistance and law enforcement cooperation; and to promote training and technical assistance for building or upgrading the necessary capacity of national authorities.

The Trafficking Protocol gives the first internationally agreed definition of human trafficking. It obliges States to criminalize this practice, and many have adopted legislation translating the Protocol's obligations into national law. Much more needs to be done, however. As several Member States of the United Nations have yet to ratify the Protocol, working towards a globally applicable framework will remain a priority.

Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

Legislative guide for the implementation of the Protocol (PDF; 157 KB)

More Conventions

Convention on the Rights of the Child

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography

Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention